The year 2017 saw the total permanent population of Xiamen reaching 4.01 million, an increase of 90 thousand or 2.3 percent, 0.7 percentage points higher than that of the previous year. The city’s birth rate was 16.6 in a thousand and the death rate was 3.1 in a thousand. The natural population growth rate was 13.5 per thousand, 1.6 thousand points higher than last year. By the end of 2017, Xiamen had registered population of 2,310.3 thousand including an urban registered population of 1,968.9 thousand, among which 55.8 % was from Siming and Huli, totaling 1,098.6 thousand. In terms of gender from those registered population, the male and female population were 1,143.2 thousand and 1,167.1 thousand respectively, the sex ratio of total population was 98.0 (the female is 100, male to female).